- Part 1: Introduction to Intonation
- Part 2: Completing a statement (“I got a dog.”)
- Part 3: Asking a wh-question (what, where, who, why, when, how) (“What is your dog’s name?”)
- Part 4: Need clarification/repetition (“WHO got a dog?”)
- Part 5: Expressing surprise (“Your dog speaks English?!”)
- Part 6: Unfinished thought (“I want a dog, but…”)
- Part 7: Making a list or in between thoughts (“My dog is smart, pretty and sweet.”)
Watch the video lesson:
…or listen to the audio while you read!:
As was explained in the Introduction to Intonation lesson, the musical patterns of ups and downs in your speech–in both the middle and end of your sentences–is called intonation.
In English, there are three intonation patterns:
These different musical patterns communicate different messages to your listener.
As was discussed in the lesson on unfinished thoughts, native English speakers use a partial fall with their pitch to tell the listener that they are not finished speaking. Similarly, native speakers use a partial rise in their intonation to tell the listener that they are not done giving a list or series of things in their speech.
Notice what the pitch (the musical note) of my voice does on the following list.
- “I want to visit Amsterdam, Berlin and Brussels next year.”
Here, there were three cities in the list of places I want to visit: Amsterdam, Berlin and Brussels.
To tell the listener that I am making a list, my voice partially rises on each of the options in that series. In the example, my voice rose on Amsterdam and Berlin, the first two cities in the series.
Then, to make it clear to the listener that I am done with my list, my voice went down on the third city that I said–Brussels–so that the listener knows that Brussels would also be the last city in my list.
Listen and Repeat
- “I’ll have the chocolate, vanilla and strawberry ice cream, please.”
- “Would you like to go to a restaurant or eat at home?”
- “We’ll take a red, black or yellow shirt, but not the white.”
- “My puppy is cute, smart and naughty!”
Don’t forget to subscribe to the Elemental English podcast on iTunes.
And if this lesson was helpful to you, feel free to share it with friends and family on Facebook and Twitter.
ElementalEnglish.com is your resource for free English language and pronunciation lessons, 無料オンライン英語教材, 免费在线英文课程, 免費在線英文課程, मुफ़्त ऑनलाइन अंग्रेज़ी, آنلائن مفت میں انگریزی سیکھئے, Kostenloser Englisch-Unterricht Online, 무료 온라인 수업 잉글, Język angielski online, Học tiếng anh miễn phí, Libreng Pag-aaral ng Wikang Ingles sa Internet, Libreng Pag-aaral ng Wikang Ingles Online, دروس في اللغة الانجليزية على الانترنت مجانا, درس انگلیسی رایگان در اینترنت, American English pronunciation, アメリカ英語の発音, 纯正美语发音, 純正美語發音, अमरीकी अंग्रेज़ी, امریکی انگریزی کا تلفّظ سیکھئے, Amerikanisches Englisch Aussprache, wymowa język angielski, Học tiếng anh miễn phí, Wastong Pagbigkas ng American English sa Internet, astong Pagbigkas ng, تعلم اللهجة الامريكية على الانترنت, American English Online, كلمات انجليزية أمريكية Leçons de Prononciation Anglaise, درس تلفظ انگلیسی
영어 발음 수업 – 온라인 영어 수업